Pompeii and Herculaneum
Are you an history lover?
If you want to discover everything that has happened in the past in these lands, savor the atmosphere of two of the most prosperous Roman cities, you can not miss this tour! All you have to do is let yourself be guided through the intact ruins, buried following the explosion of Mount Vesuvius in 79 a.D.
Pompeii is located in the Gulf of Naples, on the slopes of Vesuvius. It is a city of ancient origin: it was born as an Osco settlement, it was then inhabited by Samnites and later, from the first century a.D., conquered by the Romans.
Today it is known as the city that hosts one of the most important archaeological sites in the world.
The archaeological excavations, which began during the eighteenth century, have progressively brought to light an urban center that played an important role in the times of the Roman Empire. It had about twenty thousand inhabitants, its streets were animated by artisan shops and traders and many of its citizens lived in luxurious villas, richly furnished and frescoed. Pompeii and the surrounding lands were also a popular holiday resort.
The Roman city was buried by lava following the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 a.D., in its time of maximum prosperity.
Lava and ash created a kind of cover that allowed the city to maintain itself over the centuries and to be protected from the weather, for this reason the city has remained intact until this day and can be visited.
Then, walk around the site, get lost to its homes and frescoes, and you’ll discover the genuine spirit of the past.
Herculaneum is of Greek origin. The city of Herculaneum is named after the mythical Greek hero Hercules who, according to the legend narrated by Dionysus of Alicarnassus, founded it in 1243 b.C.
More accredited studies believe, instead, that the city was founded by the Osci in the 12th century b.C. or by the Etruscans, and then conquered in the 5th century b.C. by the Samnites. It’s necessary to wait until 90 b.C. so that the city is conquered by the Romans and transformed into a municipium of Rome. In the last age of the Roman Republic, Herculaneum experienced a period of great splendor. It was a very lively and populous city when the tragic eruption of Vesuvius occurred in 79 a.D.
The toxic cloud that formed following the eruption annihilated the population, while, the entire city was literally sealed under the pyroclastic flows that solidified for a height of about 20 meters, returning to our eyes today in an almost wholeus way many organic finds, including fabrics, vegetables, food and wooden structures.
- Private vehicle
- English speaking driver
- Pickup / drop-off at the pier
- Parking fees and other vehicle payments
- Checkpoint taxes
- Entrance fees
- Optional costs
- Personal expenses
- Professional tour guide (you can get your guide on request)
- Extra hours (to be paid on the spot)
Duration 8 hour from 360,00 Euros